Types of Ontario Wood

We want to show you the different types of wood we are working with. You will learn which type of Ontario Wood is most suitable for your building project.

Types of hardwoods

Learn more:


  • both black and white ash are common trees across Ontario
  • Black ash is often found on wet sites in central and northern Ontario
  • White ash is more common in the south on drier sites
  • In Ontario, ash trees have been harmed dramatically by emerald ash borer over the past few years, especially in the southwest
  • very hard and strong wood and has been used for tool handles, baseball bats and furniture
  • it is also used as pulp and is an excellent firewood


Black Walnut

  • found across southern Ontario
  • is a large deciduous tree that grows to heights of 30 to 40 metres
  • is hard, heavy, coarse-grained, attractive, and easy to work with making it highly valued for cabinets, veneers, furniture and interior finishing
  • it is also used for gunstocks


Hickory (butternut)

  • found across southern Ontario, where it grows best on low, moist ground or in rich soil on higher round
  • used for furniture, flooring and tool handles
  • known for its strength and hardness, it is suitable for many specialty products such as ladder rungs, dowels, athletic goods and gymnasium equipment
  • also commonly used as a fuel wood and charcoal producer


Maple (red or soft)

  • known for its brilliant red leaves in autumn
  • less common than sugar maple, and is found in the Great Lakes-St. Lawrence and deciduous forest regions
  • often planted as an ornamental tree, and is an important source of food for wildlife


Maple (sugar or hard)

  • is a common tree in the Great Lakes-St. Lawrence forest
  • the leaf of this iconic species is found on the Canadian flag
  • the tree is also well known for maple syrup
  • the hard white wood of the sugar maple is often used for furniture or flooring, but is also popular as firewood



  • The American elm was one of our largest native trees before the disease, and most adaptable to rural and urban life. The University of Guelph Arboretum has been identifying large survivors and assembling a gene bank for breeding resistance.


Source: Ontario Wood